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Denmark in short

Denmark has an area of 43,094 km2 and a population of 5.7 million people. The capital is Copenhagen and the most populated city with an urban population of 1.3 million people.

Denmark is in Northern Europe and is part of Scandinavia. The official language is Danish. Greenland and the Faeroe Islands are part of the Kingdom of Denmark but have autonomous self-rule.

Enacted in 1849, the Danish Constitutional Act lays down the framework of Danish democracy. The Act outlines the citizens’ rights or human rights such as freedom of expression and freedom of assembly.

The political system of Denmark is that of a multi-party structure where several parties can be represented in Parliament (Folketinget) at any one time. Danish governments are often characterised by minority administrations with one or more supporting parties. Since 1909, no single party has held the majority in Parliament.

Denmark is a member of the European Union, the Nordic Council of Ministers, the United Nations and NATO.

Denmark has the highest employment rate in Europe (74 per cent in 2015). In the last three years, the World Bank has ranked Denmark as the best country for business in Europe and third best in the world after Singapore and New Zealand. In addition, Transparency International ranked Denmark as the least corrupt country in the world in 2015.

The basic principle of the Danish welfare system, often referred to as the Scandinavian welfare model, is that all citizens have equal rights to social security. In the Danish welfare system, a number of services are available to citizens, free of charge.

Education in Denmark is provided free of charge at all levels, and there are nine years of compulsory education in primary and lower secondary school. Public expenditure on education and training corresponds to 7 per cent of the Denmark's GDP and around 13 per cent of total public expenditure.

The Danish healthcare system is universal and based on the principles of free and equal access to healthcare for all citizens. The healthcare system offers high-quality services, the majority of which are financed by general taxes.

Life expectancy in Denmark has increased from 77.9 years in 2005 to 80.6 years in 2015. Danish women have a higher life expectancy (82.5 years in 2015) than Danish men (78.6 years in 2015).

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Sidst opdateret 20-02-2017


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